Select currency

  • Ukrainian hryvnia UAH
  • U.S.A dollar USD
  • Euro EUR
  • Polish zloty PLN
  • Serbian dinar RSD
  • Czech crown CZK
  • Hungarian forint HUF
  • Romanian leu RON
  • Israeli shekel ILS
  • Saudi riyal SAR
  • UAE dirham AED
  • Egyptian pound EGP
  • Turkish lira TRY
  • Malaysian ringgit MYR
  • Indonesian rupiah IDR
  • Vietnamese dong VND
  • Thai baht THB
  • South Korean won KRW
  • Japanese yen JPY
  • Kazakhstani tenge KZT
  • Argentine peso ARS
  • Brazilian real BRL
  • Chilean peso CLP
  • Colombian peso COP
  • Mexican peso MXN
  • Peruvian new sol PEN
  • Georgian lari GEL
  • Armenian dram AMD
  • Azerbaijani manat AZN
  • Uzbek sum UZS
  • Kyrgyzstani som KGS
  • Moldovan leu MDL
  • currencies.DOP DOP
All Right Blog Teacher Blog
Beginner's Guide: Best Tips for Teaching English as a Second Language
AllRight article image

Beginner's Guide: Best Tips for Teaching English as a Second Language

Become a teacher at!

  • Lots of students 4-12 y.o.
  • Class material 100% ready and updated
  • Competitive pay rates

Article Content:

What are the basics of teaching English as a second language?
How can beginners learn English effectively?
What are some tips for teaching English to beginner ESL students?
What are the best ways to structure a beginner's English lesson?
How can ESL teachers make lessons interactive for beginner students? Conclusion

Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) can be a challenging but rewarding experience. If you're new to teaching, it’s important to understand the basics of teaching English and how to structure your lessons to help your beginner students learn English effectively. In this article, will provide you with 7 tips for teaching English as a Second Language to beginners, so you can confidently start teaching English to your students.

What are the basics of teaching English as a second language?

Understanding beginner's needs and abilities

Teaching English to complete beginners differs from teaching to someone who has some knowledge of the language. It’s important to understand your students' language background, their learning style, and their goals for learning English. Adult learners, they may need a more structured approach to learning, while younger learners may respond better to games and interactive activities.

Determining the student's level

Before you start teaching, you’ll need to assess your students' language levels so you can tailor your lessons accordingly. Some learners may have basic listening and speaking skills but need help with reading and writing, while others may be complete beginners.

Selecting appropriate teaching materials

Choosing the right materials is vital for teaching English to beginners. You can use textbooks, workbooks, online resources from British Council, and visual aids such as videos, pictures, and flashcards. Start with materials that introduce basic vocabulary and phrases, and gradually progress to more complex structures and topics. provide all the materials to new ESL teachers.

How can beginners learn English effectively?

Creating a comfortable and supportive learning environment

Creating an environment in which your students feel comfortable to learn is essential. This means creating a welcoming space and ensuring that all your students feel valued and supported. Use positive feedback to encourage your students, and avoid criticism, which can be discouraging.

Using interactive and engaging teaching methods

Engage your students through activities that promote active participation, such as games, role-plays, and group discussions. By incorporating these interactive methods, you'll keep your students interested in learning and help them retain information better. Moreover, it’s important to use real-life scenarios to cultivate English communication skills in your students.

Encouraging practice and repetition

Language learning often requires practice and repetition. Make sure your students have plenty of opportunities to practice their speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills. Encourage them to speak as much English as possible in class, even if they make mistakes. Over time, with practice and repetition, they'll become more confident speaking English.

What are some tips for teaching English to beginner ESL students?

Start with basic vocabulary and phrases

Start with basic vocabulary and phrases, such as greetings, numbers, and common expressions. This will give your students a good foundation to build their English skills upon. You can use flashcards, games, and songs to help them remember new words.

Focusing on pronunciation and communication

Pronunciation and communication are crucial elements in language learning.

Teach your students correct pronunciation from the very beginning and correct them when they make mistakes. Encourage them to practice speaking and listening to improve their communication skills.

Integrating grammar gradually

Grammar is an essential component of language learning, but it can be overwhelming for beginner students. Introduce the basic grammar rules gradually and use real-life examples to help them understand. 

Make grammar fun through games and activities, and your students will learn without feeling bored or overwhelmed.

What are the best ways to structure a beginner's English lesson?

Warm-up (5-10 minutes):

  • Start the lesson with a warm-up activity to activate prior knowledge and create a positive learning atmosphere. This could include a simple icebreaker, a quick review of previously learned material, or a short game related to the lesson topic.

Lead-in (5 minutes):

  • Introduce the topic or language point of the lesson in a clear and concise manner. Use visuals, real-life examples, or gestures to aid understanding. Encourage students to ask questions or share any prior knowledge they have on the topic.

Vocabulary and Language Practice (15-20 minutes):

  • Introduce key vocabulary words and phrases related to the lesson topic. Use visual aids, flashcards, or real objects to make the vocabulary more tangible.
  • Engage students in interactive activities such as matching exercises, fill-in-the-blanks, or role-plays to practice using the new vocabulary in context.
  • Provide ample opportunities for students to listen to and repeat the new words and phrases.

Grammar or Language Structure (15-20 minutes):

  • Introduce a specific grammar point or language structure relevant to the lesson topic. Break it down into smaller, understandable parts.
  • Provide clear explanations, examples, and visual aids to support comprehension.
  • Engage students in guided practice activities that allow them to apply the grammar or language structure in context. This could include completing sentences, answering questions, or creating their own sentences.

Speaking and Listening Activities (15-20 minutes):

  • Design activities that encourage students to practice speaking and listening skills. This can include pair or group work, role-plays, conversations, or discussions related to the lesson topic.
  • Provide support and guidance as needed, and encourage students to use the vocabulary and grammar they have learned.

Reading or Writing Practice (15-20 minutes):

  • Introduce a short reading passage or writing task that relates to the lesson topic.
  • Guide students through the reading or writing activity, highlighting relevant vocabulary and grammar.
  • Provide opportunities for students to share and discuss their answers or written work, promoting comprehension and critical thinking skills.

Cool down and review (5 minutes):

  • Summarize the main points of the lesson and allow students to ask any remaining questions.
  • Assign relevant homework or self-study activities to reinforce what was covered in class.
  • Provide positive feedback and encourage students' efforts.

Remember to adapt the structure to fit the specific needs and interests of your students. Incorporate a variety of activities, visuals, and interactive elements to keep the lesson engaging and effective.

How can ESL teachers make lessons interactive for beginner students?

Using multimedia resources such as videos and audio clips

Multimedia is an excellent resource for teaching English to beginner students. Videos and audio clips help students to learn pronunciation and grammar in an engaging way. Use online resources to spice up your lessons and give your students access to authentic language inputs.

Incorporating group activities and games

Games and group activities are great tools for teaching English to beginners. Teamwork and collaboration can help create a fun and enjoyable learning environment for your students.

Encouraging discussion and collaboration

Discussion and collaboration can improve communication skills, as well as other soft skills such as confidence and socialization. Encourage your students to talk and share their opinions and facilitate group projects that require collaboration.


Teaching English to beginners isn't easy, but it can be very rewarding. With the right approach, you can help your students learn English effectively and achieve their language goals. Remember to be patient, supportive, and creative in your teaching methods.

1,000+ teachers trust!

  • Lots of students 4-12 y.o.
  • Class material 100% ready and updated
  • Competitive pay rates

Other interesting articles

What is TPR?
22 January 2024
Victoria Boyko